Sunday, December 31, 2023

Ethnicity and Language Effects of the Russian-Ukrainian War: Evidence from the American Community Survey

Update 2/11/2024: If you'd like to see the current draft, please email me at  I replace the abstract below with the most current.


Wars can profoundly change the way people think about themselves and others. This article presents counts and proportions from the recently released 2022 American Community Survey (ACS), and earlier survey waves, to study changes in ethnic identity and language preferences. Results reveal over a decade-long trend of falling counts of U.S.-born respondents identifying as ethnic Russian, and a 10.4 percent fall from 2021 to 2022. The declines over time are much more dramatic in counties where Trump won a majority of votes in the 2020 election. We also document a 23.3 percent increase from 2021 to 2022 in the count of U.S. born respondents who identify as ethnic Ukrainian, however the counts of ethnic Ukrainians rose in both Trump-majority and -minority counties. We observe a change in language preferences from 2021 to 2022, from Russian to Ukrainian, among Ukrainian immigrants. 

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